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Manx cat - Wikipedia. The Manx cat (, in earlier times often spelled Manks), is a breed of domestic cat (Felis catus) originating on the Isle of Man, with a naturally occurring mutation that shortens the tail. Many Manx have a small stub of a tail, but Manx cats are best known as being entirely tailless; this is the most distinguishing characteristic of the breed, along with elongated hind legs and a rounded head. Manx cats come in all coat colours and patterns, though all- white specimens are rare, and the coat range of the original stock was more limited. Long- haired variants are sometimes considered a separate breed, the Cymric.
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Manx are prized as skilled hunters, and thus have often been sought by farmers with rodent problems, and been a preferred ship's cat breed. They are said to be social, tame and active. An old local term for the cats on their home island is stubbin. Manx have been exhibited in cat shows since the 1.
History. The taillessness arose as a natural mutation on the island. In one of them, the biblical Noah closed the door of the Ark when it began to rain, and accidentally cut off the tail of the Manx cat who had almost been left behind. Because the gene is so dominant and . A population on the small, isolated Danish peninsula (former island) of Reers. The Manx gene may be related to the similarly dominant tail suppression gene of the recent American Bobtail breed, but Manx, Japanese Bobtails and other short- tailed cats are not used in its breeding program, and the mutation seems to have appeared in the breed spontaneously. In that era, few shows provided a Manx division, and exhibited specimens were usually entered under the .
Attempting to force the tailless trait to breed true by continually breeding tailless Manx cats to tailless Manx cats has led to increased negative, even fatal genetic disorders (see below). Tail length is random throughout a litter of kittens. Manx cats' tails are classified according to proportional tail length as kittens (the proportion does not change after birth): Rumpy (rumpie). Depending on the country and cat organization referenced, rumpy, rumpy risers and stumpies are the only Manx cat tail types that fit the breed standard for Manx cats. The longer cat tail lengths seen in some Manx cats are considered a breed fault, although they occur as naturally in the breed, but not as often, as the shorter tails. Although these longer tail types are of purebred Manx ancestry, they do not possess the dominant gene so cannot pass it on.
However, since the Manx tail mutation gene is dominant, these longer- tailed purebred Manx cats may still be used in breeding programs and may even be considered in an effort to help avoid the fatal spinal deformities that sometimes result in tailless Manx cats. The Manx breed is genetically distinct from the Japanese Bobtail breed, another naturally occurring insular breed. The Japanese Bobtail always has at least some tail, ranging from a small .
The Japanese Bobtail has a markedly different appearance from the Manx, and is characterized by almond- shaped eyes, a triangular face, long ears, and lean body, like many other Asian breeds. The gene responsible for the bobbed or kinked tail in that breed is recessive and unrelated to the dominant Manx tail- suppression gene; the bobtail gene is not connected to any serious deformities, while the tail- suppression gene can, under certain conditions, give rise to a pattern of sometimes lethal health problems. The Pixie- bob breed also has a short tail which may or may not be genetically related or identical to that of the Manx. In cats, dogs and other large- bodied mammals, balance involves but is not dependent upon the tail (contrast rats, for whom the tail is a quite significant portion of their body mass). Since Manx kittens are naturally born with any tail length, from none to long, it was formerly common to surgically dock the longer tails a few days after birth. Although illegal in many jurisdictions today (including much of Europe), the practice was formerly recommended, although with the caveat that the commonness of the practice meant that many spurious Manx cats – i. British cats – were altered to resemble the Manx, to defraud unwary buyers.
The fore legs are strong and straight. Short- or long- haired, all Manx have a thick, double- layered coat. The colour and pattern ranges exhibited should conform to the standards for that type of coat in non- Manx. Lane wrote in 1. 90. Manx . The most common coats are tabby, tortoiseshell, calico and solid colours.
The original insular stock, however, were of less widespread variation. Lane, having . However, writing in England only five years later, Barton suggested that .
In some cases, white Manx may be worth over US$4,0. For example, the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF) classifies the Manx as a variant of the British Shorthair (BSH). New Zealand Cat Fancy (NZCF) does likewise for colour and markings, but requires a double- coat and other Manx- specific features that GCCF does not. These are the Cymric (Longhair Manx), the Isle of Man Shorthair and Isle of Man Longhair, and the Tasman Manx, though only the Cymric has garnered widespread acceptance in breed registries as of 2. While its name refers to Wales (Cymru), the breed was actually developed in Canada, which has honoured the breed with a commemorative 5.
Simply covering it in their Manx breed standards, the US- based Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA). The majority of cat registries have explicit Cymric standards (published separately or along with Manx). Of the major registries, only the Feline Federation Europe (FFE) does not recognise the breed or sub- breed at all, under any name, as of 2. That is, it is a cat of Manx stock, with Manx features, but without any expression of the Manx taillessness gene. As of March 2. 01. Any coat colour and pattern acceptable in the British Shorthair is permissible in the Io.
M Shorthair (the same restriction is applied to the Manx in the NZCF standard), and it requires the double coat of the Manx. GCCF, who also treat Manx as a British Shorthair variant. As of March 2. 01. Coat colours are limited to those acceptable in the British Shorthair, and requires the doubled and thick, long coat of the Cymric. As of March 2. 01. The coat may be short or semi- long. The type arose possibly without existing rex mutation bloodlines (and none of the rex breeds are permitted as out- cross partners with Tasman Manx in Catz breeding guidelines).
All of these additional terms beyond . Being homozygous for (having two copies of) the gene is usually lethal in utero, resulting in miscarriage. Because of the danger of having two copies of the taillessness gene, breeders avoid breeding two entirely tailless Manx cats together. Stumpy to long tails are sometimes docked at birth as a preventative measure. It can seriously damage the spinal cord and the nerves, causing a form of spina bifida, as well as problems with the bowels, bladder, and digestion.
Very small bladders are indicative of the disease, and it is often difficult to diagnose. Death can occur quite suddenly, and some live for only 3–4 years; the oldest recorded was 5 years when affected with the disease. In one report, it was shown to affect about 3. Manx cats studied, but nearly all of those cases were rumpies, which exhibit the most extreme phenotype. It is a condition in which, due to absence of a tail, the smooth muscle that normally contracts to push stools toward the rectum loses its ability to do so.?
The dramatic drop in costs allowed the first cat's sequencing to be done well ahead of the original schedule. The Manx is considered a social and gregarious cat, and very attached to humans, but also shy of strangers. The breed is said to be highly intelligent, playful, and in its behaviour reminiscent of dogs. For example, like some Maine Coons and a few other breeds, Manx cats often learn to fetch small thrown objects. They may also follow their owners about like puppies, and are believed to be better able to learn simple verbal commands than most cats. Lane's early and experienced account of the temperament of this .
On Isle of Man currency, Manx cats are the subject of the reverse of four special commemorative crown coins. The first two, issued in 1. Manx cat appears in the background on each of the 1. A Manx cat, in stylized Celtic knotwork art, also appears on the island's 1. The breed figures on numerous Isle of Man postage stamps, including a 2.
Victorian era Manx cat postcards. The cat appears prominently as the subject of a large number of tourist goods and Manx pride items available on the island and over the Internet, serving (along with the triskelion and the four- horned Manx Loaghtan sheep) as an emblem of the Isle of Man.
Famous real- world Manx cats. Romayne Hertweck (2. ISBN9. 78- 1- 4. 32. Bonnag, a female Manx, the first of her breed to have her whole genome sequenced (in 2.
Manx Cat Genome Project, see above), and only the second cat of any breed to receive this level of study (the first was an Abyssinian sequenced by the 9. Lives project in 2. Bonnag was bred by Zoe Grundey at the Triskele Manx Cats cattery in Douglas, Isle of Man.! Hart (2. 01. 2, ISBN9. Narrator, an orange Manx, in the children's book The Cats of Grand Central by Laura Archibald, illustrated by Garner Beckett (2.
ISBN9. 78- 0- 9. 73. Olaf, protagonist of Olaf Comes Home by Kathy Dollina Creamer (2.
ISBN9. 78- 1- 8. 73. Bernie is not convinced the cat is a Manx but it does have no tail.
Cat, one of the two main characters of the American animated TV series The Ren and Stimpy Show (1. Tiara Boobowski was planned to be a Manx cat character in Sonic the Hedgehog game Sonic X- Treme but the game was cancelled. The Norton Manx motorcycle line (1. Norton Motors Ltd.), though ostensibly named after the Isle of Man TT road race (which the brand dominated for decades, until the 1. Manx cat badges, in the forms of both enameled metal pins and sew- on patches.